Northeast Wildfire Risk Assessment -USDA Forest Service

The objectives of this assessment were to identify areas in the Northeast and Midwest that are prone to wildfire; identify where hazard mitigation practices would be most effective in reducing fire risk within each State; identify and prioritize Communities at Risk from wildfire and; focus resources in the areas of greatest need within each State.

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Ossipee Fuel Mapping Results and Recommended Fuel Models- Summary and 4 reports

Abstract: This report summarizes the results of 1) data collected in 34 plots at Ossipee Pine Barrens in 2013 to describe vegetation and fuels, 2) interviews with several prescribed fire practitioners in the northeast and 3) recommendations on fuel models that could be used at Ossipee based on the above information.

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An Assessment of the Impact of Fire on Rare Lepidoptera in the Ossipee Pine Barrens Preserve

Abstract: The Ossipee Pine Barrens Preserve, managed by The Nature Conservancy (TNC), was once part of a much larger pine barrens ecosystem. Currently, the pine barrens stretch across the towns of Madison, Freedom, Ossipee, and Tamworth in Carroll County, New Hampshire. The pine barrens ecosystem is an imperiled rare natural community that was historically maintained by fire. Pitch pine, the dominant tree in the pine barrens, is well adapted to a fire regime. Scrub oak and blueberry, the dominant shrub and ground cover, can also flourish post-fire. 

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Monitoring Protocols for the Ossipee and Waterboro Pine Barrens

Abstract: Fire suppression during the last 50-100 years has changed the composition and structure of northeastern pine barrens, a globally rare and fire-dependent natural community that provides habitat for numerous rare and declining Lepidopteran, plant and early successional/shrubland bird species. These changes have resulted in a number of deleterious effects to the natural community, including an increase in canopy cover and organic soils and the proliferation of tree species less tolerant of fire (such as red maple, white pine, red oak, aspen, and American beech).

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A Vegetative Fuelbreak Protecting the Town of Bar Harbor, Maine – Acadia National Park, ME

Abstract: The Bar Harbor Fire of 1947 burned a total of 17,188 acres (10,000 in Acadia National Park), killed three people, and destroyed 237 homes and the Jackson Laboratory on Mount Desert Island, Maine. The fire caused 23 million dollars in damages (1947 dollars). The volatile conifer forest that covered much of Mount Desert Island and contributed to the intensity of the fire was replaced by early successional species. Acadia National Park is evaluating the potential for using a deciduous fuelbreak to prevent a future fire from causing comparable damage.

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Prescribed Fire Management in Sandplain Grasslands and Heathlands: Impacts of Burn Seasonality and Intensity on Vegetation Composition, Head of the Plains, Nantucket MA

The effectiveness of prescribed fire as a tool for maintaining sandplain grasslands and coastal heathlands by reducing the encroachment of woody species and perpetuating important plant species has not been definitively documented (Dunwiddie, 1998; Niering & Dreyer, 1989; Vickery, 2002).

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Rare Lepidoptera and Shrubland Birds: Their Presence, Distribution and Habitat Preferences on the Ossipee Pine Barrens Preserve in Carroll County, New Hampshire - A 2002 field survey

Abstract: The Ossipee Pine Barrens, a globally rare natural community type occurring in east central New Hampshire, once covered an estimated 2,800 hectares (ha). Habitat conversion has reduced the barrens to approximately 800 ha and habitat fragmentation and fire suppression have significantly degraded what remains.

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Landscape Disturbance and Succession Modeling in the Pinelands of New Jersey using LANDIS-II: The Implications of Human Influence on Fire and Forest Composition

Coupled human-natural systems present complex relationships between human influence and ecosystem response and services. The Pinelands of New Jersey represent a highly human influenced system noted for its fire regime which helps maintain pinelands cover and halt succession from pine to oak forest composition.

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Vegetation, Landcover, and Fuel Mapping of the Ossipee Pine Barrens, Carroll County, NH

Vegetation, landcover, and fuels were mapped within an 8,166-acre area of the Ossipee Pine Barrens in Carroll County, New Hampshire. The Nature Conservancy divides the Ossipee Pine Barrens landscape into three sections: White Lake State Park, Pine Barrens East, and the West Branch Pine Barrens. The mapping area covers the entire West Branch Pine Barrens, and a small portion of Pine Barrens East

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Islands of Pine: Future Climate Scenarios in the NJ Pinelands using the LANDIS-II Forest Landscape Disturbance and Succession Model

Assessing forest resilience to disturbances including climate change is an important aspect of adaptive management. Climate change impacts on fire and forest composition in the Pinelands of New Jersey have not been assessed to date and the prospect of major shifts in forest composition present challenges to the mission of the Pinelands National Reserve to preserve the ecological integrity of the Pinelands.

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Seasonal Variation in Foliage Moisture Content of Pine Species at Acadia National Park, Maine

An important factor on whether or not an intense surface fire with cause torching of individual trees, which can lead to the development of a crown fire, is the moisture content of the foliage in the overstory trees. The moisture content of the foliage of pitch pine (Pinus rigida Mill), white pine (Pinus strobus L.) and red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) was examined at Acadia National Park, Maine.

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Head of the Plains Nantucket Shadbush (Amelanchier nantucketensis) Response to Prescribed Fire Management, Final Report 2014

Until 2011, Nantucket shadbush was listed as a species of “Special Concern” in Massachusetts, under the Massachusetts Endangered Species Act. While it is still considered uncommon throughout much of its range, recent surveys have led to the removal of its “Special Concern” status. However it still remains ranked “1” for rarity in the northeast, and the island of Nantucket is likely home to some of the largest and healthiest populations

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A Summary of the 2002 Lepidoptera sampling at The Ossipee, Carroll Co., NH Pine Barrens

Previous collecting efforts by myself (then working with TNC) and Lars Crabo (an avocational Lepidopterist) and on at least one night by Thomas Rawinski (then TNC) from about 1984 to 1988 had identified numerous regional or at least state level rare moths and one skipper at Ossipee Pine Barrens a large boreal variant pitch pine-scrub oak barren in Carroll County, New Hampshire.

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