Department of Natural Resources Conservation University of Massachusetts at Amherst
in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for
FOREST 698: PRACTICUM
Pine-oak forests comprise 46% of the vegetation of Cape Cod National Seashore. Flammable ericaceous shrubs, especially Gaylussachia baccata, dominate the understories and combined with heavy litter fuel loads increase the probability of intense surface fires. Past research has evaluated the use of brush cutting and prescribed burning to reduce fire hazard and to construct custom fuel models to predict fire behavior. Results suggest that the two treatments combined will better accomplish this goal than when they are applied separately. The goal of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness of combined treatments.
Manuel F. Correllus State Forest JFSP Report: "Wildland Fuel Management Options for the Central Plains of Martha’s Vineyard: Impacts on Fuel Loads, Fire Behavior and Rare Plant and Insect Species" (Patterson, Clarke, Haggerty, et al. May 2005)
Eighty-three page final report submitted to the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation - 2005
Final report to Joint Fire Science Program, 2004
Alteration of natural habitats by woody invasive plants is a concern for land managers throughout the northeastern United States. Invasive species – both native and exotic – can adversely impact plant communities and alter fire regimes. Although there is some information on the impacts of invasive species on habitats in the Northeast, few studies have addressed best management practices for controlling or eliminating these species and no studies have evaluated their impacts on fire regimes.
The objectives of this assessment were to identify areas in the Northeast and Midwest that are prone to wildfire; identify where hazard mitigation practices would be most effective in reducing fire risk within each State; identify and prioritize Communities at Risk from wildfire and; focus resources in the areas of greatest need within each State.Read More
Abstract: This report summarizes the results of 1) data collected in 34 plots at Ossipee Pine Barrens in 2013 to describe vegetation and fuels, 2) interviews with several prescribed fire practitioners in the northeast and 3) recommendations on fuel models that could be used at Ossipee based on the above information.Read More
Summary: 1) In 2005, Science and Stewardship Department staff initiated a comprehensive research project aimed at documenting the effectiveness of prescribed fire in maintaining globally rare sandplain grasslands and heathlands at Head of the Plains.Read More
Abstract: The Ossipee Pine Barrens Preserve, managed by The Nature Conservancy (TNC), was once part of a much larger pine barrens ecosystem. Currently, the pine barrens stretch across the towns of Madison, Freedom, Ossipee, and Tamworth in Carroll County, New Hampshire. The pine barrens ecosystem is an imperiled rare natural community that was historically maintained by fire. Pitch pine, the dominant tree in the pine barrens, is well adapted to a fire regime. Scrub oak and blueberry, the dominant shrub and ground cover, can also flourish post-fire.Read More
Abstract: Fire suppression during the last 50-100 years has changed the composition and structure of northeastern pine barrens, a globally rare and fire-dependent natural community that provides habitat for numerous rare and declining Lepidopteran, plant and early successional/shrubland bird species. These changes have resulted in a number of deleterious effects to the natural community, including an increase in canopy cover and organic soils and the proliferation of tree species less tolerant of fire (such as red maple, white pine, red oak, aspen, and American beech).Read More
Abstract: The Bar Harbor Fire of 1947 burned a total of 17,188 acres (10,000 in Acadia National Park), killed three people, and destroyed 237 homes and the Jackson Laboratory on Mount Desert Island, Maine. The fire caused 23 million dollars in damages (1947 dollars). The volatile conifer forest that covered much of Mount Desert Island and contributed to the intensity of the fire was replaced by early successional species. Acadia National Park is evaluating the potential for using a deciduous fuelbreak to prevent a future fire from causing comparable damage.Read More