Research Brief-- Fire and Invasives: Ailanthus altissima

Photo by Jan Samanek, Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org

Photo by Jan Samanek, Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org

We have to admire non-native invasive species for their tenacity and what seems to be an amazing ability to survive anything we throw at them! Read about how Joanne Rebeck and her colleagues used prescribed fire and herbicide to understand how these methods would affect the non-native species Ailanthus altissima (stink tree).

READ THE BRIEF TO FIND OUT MORE - CLICK HERE!

In the Eye of the Fire - 360° video of crown fire in NJ pinelands

National Institute of Standards and Technology

“Putting a camera close to a fire wasn't good enough for NIST researchers, so they created a camera system that can take 360-degree video from WITHIN a fire.The New Jersey Forest Fire Service, in coordination with the U.S. Forest Service and the New Jersey Conservation Foundation, conducts prescribed forest management burns there as part of a fuel reduction plan This video shows a forest fire that spreads from treetop to treetop, called a crown fire. The video has been sped up as the fire approaches and leaves the field of view but plays in real time as the fire pass by the camera. The video was captured using a water-cooled glass enclosure developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology to protect 360° cameras in fires. For more information and additional 360° fire videos visit the 360-Degree Video in Fire Research project webpage. The burn was performed in conjunction with work by researchers from the University of Edinburgh's Fire Safety Engineering program to study ember generation and transport.” - Jennifer Huergo, May 28, 2019

SCROLL AROUND WITH YOUR MOUSE TO SEE THE 360 DEGREE VIEW ABOVE BELOW AND SIDE TO SIDE.

NAFSE Spring Newsletter 2019

In this month's Newsletter:
NAFSE's Recent Activities: Ninigret and Dome Field Trips, Webinars, CT and NJ Meetings, Legislative Session, NFFPC grant
Upcoming Events: Fire History Webinar, Field Trip to Flat Rock, NY,  Regional/National Meetings, Training Opportunities
LANDFIRE and Wildfire Risk Assessment Update
North Atlantic News: White Mountains Red Pine Fire History, Albany Pine Bush Update, NJ Audubon Tries Prescribed Fire for Invasives, NE Wildfire Preparedness Guide Released
News Articles: Regional and National News Articles Applicable to our Region
Resource Highlights: Hot-Dry-Windy Index
Photos: Cool photos from our region this Spring!

NAFSE Winter Newsletter 2019

Winter Newsletter 2019

In this month's Newsletter:
NAFSE's Activities: ESRI Workshop, Webinar Recap, Winter Compact Meeting
Upcoming Events: NAFSE Field Trip, Conferences/Workshops, Training
New Website Resources: Northeast Barrens Legacy Publications, Coastal Barrens Synthesis
North Atlantic News: CPAW in NJ, Academic Programs, Recent Dissertations 
In The News: Regional and National News Articles
Resource Highlights: Wildfire Smoke Resilience Resources from the EPA
Photos: Cool photos from our region!

Pine Barrens of the Northeastern U.S. - Emily Dohlansky (2018)

Emily Dolhansky put together this report on the Pine Barrens of the Northeastern U.S. as part of her graduate work at Yale University.

Report.pdf>

Summary:

Pine barrens forests of the Northeastern United States are characterized by sandy soils and fire-adapted plant communities. They provide critical ecosystem and human services, including water filtration, wildlife habitat, recreation, and biodiversity. These forests are threatened by fire suppression, pests, development, and other human pressures. It is estimated that nearly half of this forest type has been lost over the past 150 years. However, there are opportunities for private landowners, non-profit organizations, and the state and federal government to restore and protect the remaining pine barrens. Enhancing the ecological integrity of these forests will benefit the landscape and the human communities that surround them. 

This document is meant to serve as a resource to scientists and forests managers alike. It combines scientific literature with success stories from the field to offer guidance to landowners who wish to restore or enhance the quality of pine barrens. The author’s insights and contributions from managers throughout the region are reflected as well. 

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The Effects of Brush Cutting and Burning on Fuel Beds and Fire Behavior in Pine-Oak Forests of Cape Cod National Seashore (Norton-Jensen 2005)

Class report.pdf>

John Norton-Jensen

Department of Natural Resources Conservation University of Massachusetts at Amherst

May 2005

Submitted
in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for

FOREST 698: PRACTICUM

Partial Abstract:

Pine-oak forests comprise 46% of the vegetation of Cape Cod National Seashore. Flammable ericaceous shrubs, especially Gaylussachia baccata, dominate the understories and combined with heavy litter fuel loads increase the probability of intense surface fires. Past research has evaluated the use of brush cutting and prescribed burning to reduce fire hazard and to construct custom fuel models to predict fire behavior. Results suggest that the two treatments combined will better accomplish this goal than when they are applied separately. The goal of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness of combined treatments.

Wildland Fuel Management Options for the Central Plains of Martha’s Vineyard: Impacts on Fuel Loads, Fire Behavior and Rare Plant and Insect Species (Patterson, Clarke, Haggerty, et al. May 2005)

Manuel F. Correllus State Forest JFSP Report: "Wildland Fuel Management Options for the Central Plains of Martha’s Vineyard: Impacts on Fuel Loads, Fire Behavior and Rare Plant and Insect Species" (Patterson, Clarke, Haggerty, et al. May 2005) 

Report.pdf>

Eighty-three page final report submitted to the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation - 2005

Land Management Implications for Hemileuca maia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) Habitat at Manuel F. Correllus State Forest, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts (Haggerty MS thesis 2006)

Thesis.pdf>

SARAH A. HAGGERTY - UMASS 2006

Introduction:

Early seral habitats in the northeastern U.S. are being threatened by succession brought on by the alteration of natural ecosystem dynamics (Noss 1995). In fire- dependent systems such as sandplain barrens, this is compounded by the threat of catastrophic fire from increased fuel loads created by long-term fire suppression. Efforts are currently underway in many areas to restore open habitats through the reintroduction of natural disturbances or by alternative techniques which mimic their effects. In fire prone systems, the goal of these efforts is twofold: 1) to reduce fire danger in areas with heavy fuel loads and 2) to restore natural open habitats. The effects of such management on the native insect species, including rare species dependent on open systems, are just beginning to be examined (Swengel 2001, Swengel and Swengel 2001, Panzer and Schwartz 2002).

Distribution of Rare Plants on the Central Plain of Martha's Vineyard: Implications for Conservation and Management (Clarke MS thesis 2006)

Thesis.pdf>

GRETEL L. CLARKE - UMASS

Abstract:

Rare plants in coastal New England sandplains are often restricted to sites disturbed by humans. On the central plain of Martha’s Vineyard, which has one of the highest concentrations of rare plant species in Massachusetts, disturbances include plowed and mowed firelanes. Little is known about pre-European rare plant habitat or how modern management impacts these species. To better understand the factors influencing the distribution of rare plants in coastal habitats, I examined the influence of vegetation structure, species composition, environmental characteristics and disturbance history on existing rare plant populations and potential natural habitat in the 2100-ha Manuel F. Correllus State Forest. This was accomplished by sampling more than 100, 100-m2 plots in firelanes (including 22 at rare plant occurrences) and forested/shrubland areas. I also conducted extensive searches for rare species.