The Modern and Historic Fire Regimes of Central Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts (Mouw 2002)

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Abstract - ADAM ROBERT MOUW

The goals of this project were to determine how fire and vegetation have interacted in the past 150 years in the central Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts woodlands, and to use this information to determine what management actions could be taken to reduce both the current and future fire danger while protecting unique plant and animal communities. Data were collected from intensive and extensive vegetation sampling, as well as from the interpretation of aerial photos. Two fire regimes were defined for the area: the late historic (1850-1955) and the modern (1955- present day). Data were collected on Manuel F. Correllus State Forest (MFCSF) which comprises 5,190 acres (2,100ha) of scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia), oak woodland (Q. alba, Q.stellata, and Q. velutina), pitch pine (Pinus rigida) forest, and conifer plantation (primarily Pinus strobus, P. resinosa, and Picea glauca) vegetation in the center of the Island. The vegetation of the Forest has been subjected to frequent wildfires for as long as records are available and was probably burned before the arrival of Europeans in the early 17th century. Using the data collected, the stands of MFCSF were grouped into six vegetation types, and six fuel types. Six custom fuel models, which are assemblies of vegetation structure data that are used by fire behavior simulations to predict fire behavior, were then created from these six fuel types. Using the fire behavior simulators, BEHAVE and FARSITE, potential fire behavior on the Forest was then evaluated.

August 2016 Newsletter

In this month's Newsletter:
NAFSE's Activities: Renewal, Oak Capstone Workshop/Field Trip Recap
NAFSE's Upcoming Events: Canadian Fire Science Exchange Day, Allegheny SAF: NJ Division Meeting
Joint Fire Science Program Funding Opportunities Sneak Peak
National Wildfire Coordinating Group: Request for Comments
Smoke and Prescribed Fire Message from EPA, USDA and DOI
In The News: Insects, Microbes, WUI in PA
Upcoming Events: Conferences, webinars, training courses
So This Happened: Call for unknown research and oral histories
North Atlantic Fire Science Resource Highlights: EPA wildfire smoke guidelines updated

Prioritizing prescribed fire areas: a geographical approach

Click here to check out NAFSE's February 2016 research brief. This month we searched for a recent paper using LANDFIRE data in preparation for our March 16th webinar highlighting the LANDFIRE resource. We found a very recent paper out of Wisconsin by Tracy Hmielowski and colleagues using LANDFIRE vegetation and fire return intervals to help pinpoint high priority areas for prescribed fire in the WUI, and throughout the state. Don't miss this brief describing Hmielowski et. al.'s methods to find out how you might be able to use them for your own area! 

Recent Research: Predicting fire frequency with chemistry and climate

Click here to check out this March 2015 research brief highlighting our latest webinar speaker's 2012 paper on mapping and modeling fire frequency.

If you missed Dr. Guyette's Feb. 26th webinar you can find it HERE

Author: Inga La Puma, Authors of paper: Richard P. Guyette, MichaelC. Stambaugh, Daniel C. Dey & Rose- Marie Muzika 

Methods in Fire History Part 2: Using fossil pollen and charcoal to investigate fire history; implications for management of eastern oak species

Our December research brief highlighting a 2005 paper by William A. Patterson III. Patterson used fossil pollen and charcoal to investigate fire history in oak systems across our region.

The is the second in our series of research briefs addressing different methods used to research and understand North Atlantic fire history.   

Download .pdf

 

Authors: Inga La Puma author of the brief, William Patterson author of the paper. 

New England Fire History 'Stress Test' Project: Northeastern Forest Fire Protection Compact

NFFPC Stress Test Project – Document Index

This project covering fire history in New England and Eastern Canada was completed by Lloyd Irland, Founder and President, The Irland Group at the behest of the Northeastern Forest Fire Protection Compact. These documents contain a plethora of information for each state and province as well as analyses of trends and mega-fire preparedness needs.

For Action

NFFPC Fire History Trends and Comparisons: United States 1984-2010 (Revised)

Fires and Acres by Size (Revised 2011-08-05)

U.S. Forest Service Fire Data (Revised 2011-07-31)

Atlantics Canada Fire History, 1919-2011 (Working Paper) (Revised 2012-04-18)

The Northeast's Great Sixties Drought: The Fire Outbreak (Working Paper)

Northeastern Regional Fire Outbreak of 1947 (Revised 2012-05-31)

Québec Fire History and Implications (Working Paper) (Revised 2012-06-14)

Vermont's Fire History, 1905-2011 (Working Paper) (Revised 2012-05-23)

Massachusetts Fire History (Working Paper) (Revised 2012-05-24)

Connecticut Forest Fire History and Analysis, 1905-2010 (Working Paper) (Revised 2012-05-18)

Documents for Information

NFFPC Stress Test Project Overview (2011-08-03)

NFFPC Stress Test Project Update (2012-01-24)

Northeast Compact Fire Analysis: Canada Four Jurisdictions (Revised 2011-07-05)

Northeast Compact Fire History Analysis, 1970-2009: Canada Four Jurisdictions (Revised 2011-07-05)

Compact White Paper (Final) (Revised 2013-07-12)

Forest Fire Statistics by Province/Territory/Agency: 1970-2010

Trends in Large Fires in Canada, 1959-2007 (EN) (Revised 2011-08-01)

Trends in Large Fires in Canada, 1959-2007 (FR) (Revised 2011-08-01)

Irland Montana Memo for NFFPC, 2011

Mack Lake Fire, Michigan, 1980

Richburg Patterson Report, 2000

Northeast Regional Fire Outbreak of October 1947

Report on the Survey of Timber Damage by Forest Fires in Southwestern Maine, October 1947 (1948-01-30)

Fire Type Map 1947

Vermont Fire History, 1908-2010: Initial Observations (Revised 2011-10-02)

Fire History of New York State, 1920-2010 (Working Paper)

In What Year Did the Following Events Occur?

UNFAO Megafire Global Fire Assessment, 2011

Notes on Megafires Conference (Tallahassee, FL, November 14-18, 2011)