Abstract - ADAM ROBERT MOUW
The goals of this project were to determine how fire and vegetation have interacted in the past 150 years in the central Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts woodlands, and to use this information to determine what management actions could be taken to reduce both the current and future fire danger while protecting unique plant and animal communities. Data were collected from intensive and extensive vegetation sampling, as well as from the interpretation of aerial photos. Two fire regimes were defined for the area: the late historic (1850-1955) and the modern (1955- present day). Data were collected on Manuel F. Correllus State Forest (MFCSF) which comprises 5,190 acres (2,100ha) of scrub oak (Quercus ilicifolia), oak woodland (Q. alba, Q.stellata, and Q. velutina), pitch pine (Pinus rigida) forest, and conifer plantation (primarily Pinus strobus, P. resinosa, and Picea glauca) vegetation in the center of the Island. The vegetation of the Forest has been subjected to frequent wildfires for as long as records are available and was probably burned before the arrival of Europeans in the early 17th century. Using the data collected, the stands of MFCSF were grouped into six vegetation types, and six fuel types. Six custom fuel models, which are assemblies of vegetation structure data that are used by fire behavior simulations to predict fire behavior, were then created from these six fuel types. Using the fire behavior simulators, BEHAVE and FARSITE, potential fire behavior on the Forest was then evaluated.
In this month's Newsletter:
NAFSE's Activities: Renewal, Oak Capstone Workshop/Field Trip Recap
NAFSE's Upcoming Events: Canadian Fire Science Exchange Day, Allegheny SAF: NJ Division Meeting
Joint Fire Science Program Funding Opportunities Sneak Peak
National Wildfire Coordinating Group: Request for Comments
Smoke and Prescribed Fire Message from EPA, USDA and DOI
In The News: Insects, Microbes, WUI in PA
Upcoming Events: Conferences, webinars, training courses
So This Happened: Call for unknown research and oral histories
North Atlantic Fire Science Resource Highlights: EPA wildfire smoke guidelines updated
Click here to check out NAFSE's February 2016 research brief. This month we searched for a recent paper using LANDFIRE data in preparation for our March 16th webinar highlighting the LANDFIRE resource. We found a very recent paper out of Wisconsin by Tracy Hmielowski and colleagues using LANDFIRE vegetation and fire return intervals to help pinpoint high priority areas for prescribed fire in the WUI, and throughout the state. Don't miss this brief describing Hmielowski et. al.'s methods to find out how you might be able to use them for your own area!
Click here to check out this March 2015 research brief highlighting our latest webinar speaker's 2012 paper on mapping and modeling fire frequency.
If you missed Dr. Guyette's Feb. 26th webinar you can find it HERE
Author: Inga La Puma, Authors of paper: Richard P. Guyette, MichaelC. Stambaugh, Daniel C. Dey & Rose- Marie Muzika
Our December research brief highlighting a 2005 paper by William A. Patterson III. Patterson used fossil pollen and charcoal to investigate fire history in oak systems across our region.
The is the second in our series of research briefs addressing different methods used to research and understand North Atlantic fire history.
Authors: Inga La Puma author of the brief, William Patterson author of the paper.
NFFPC Stress Test Project – Document Index
This project covering fire history in New England and Eastern Canada was completed by Lloyd Irland, Founder and President, The Irland Group at the behest of the Northeastern Forest Fire Protection Compact. These documents contain a plethora of information for each state and province as well as analyses of trends and mega-fire preparedness needs.